MOOC As the name suggests, Massive Open Online Course is open-source online learning which has revolutionized the way of teaching and learning around the world. MOOCs entered the world of online learning very quickly and were widely used by around 190 countries around the world.
Quick facts on MOOC
- MOOC is a large scale open online course.
- It is an online course aimed at mass participation and opens (free) access through the Internet.
- They are similar to university courses but do not offer academic credit.
- Many web-based platforms (initiatives) supported by top universities and colleges offer MOOCs across a wide range of disciplines.
History of Massive Open Online Course (MOOC)
Open courseware has been in use for fifteen years now by educational institutions such as the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, giving universities access to lectures and other equipment. Later, Canadian teacher George Siemens developed a theory called connectivism that could explain the change in education after the technology became popular inside and outside the classroom. Using this principle, Siemens partnered with Stephen Downs to develop a new format of the online course that is open to anyone. That class was Connectivism and Concept Learning / 2008 (CCK / 08), which allows students to create their own personalized learning environment (PLES) and share mutual knowledge.
Different theories around the MOOC model
Knowledge: As a student, most of us have gained our knowledge from our teachers. And it is easier to replicate than to generate knowledge. But we must always remember that creating and then sharing is actually giving knowledge. Learners should always try and share something new – this can be through blogs, articles, videos or images.
Social Networking: With the availability of different platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Google Group, Wikipedia, YouTube, Plurk and many more, knowledge can be shared on a large scale and fast way.
Synchronization: Another important aspect of learning is synchronization. We do not align ourselves with course materials and guides; We attach ourselves to other learners and the knowledge they share.
Resonance: Again very important, as it helps to fill the gaps in the MOOC. Resonance is related to how some ideas easily merge with my already existing knowledge. While others later become “integrated”.
Self-learning: Based on MOOCs, it is to motivate learners to create an identity for themselves, and not just to rely on learning.
Connectivity: As the world is becoming more digital and new technologies are coming out every day. So it is easy to share knowledge in a fast and easy way.
Mobilization: In the traditional way of learning, teachers guide and learners take knowledge. The knowledge gained can be validated through assignments, quizzes, tests, etc. But with MOOCs, learners themselves should be more prompt and enthusiastic. The learner finds his or her own path by searching from many dimensions of a field.
Focused and Innovative: This is a common saying “the only constant thing in life is the change”. Since the world we live in is changing so fast, how many difficulties are we facing. So answering them in the traditional way will not yield the desired result. With MOOC, we try to emulate connective and integrated knowledge.